While big companies and organizations have robust IT departments, enterprise hardware, and service contracts to address the security of their data, individuals and small businesses tend to neglect their data security. Most of the small businesses and individuals usually rely on consumer software forgetting the fact that those utilities do not tend to have always-on security function. Others think that their laptops and PCs do not have sensitive data but it is always important to note that what you may think is not important to you may be very important to someone else. Data encryption helps to keep your data safe by ensuring that it is completely to anyone but you or the intended recipient.

Why is encryption important?

Even if you are using the best antivirus and antimalware program, it is necessary to encrypt your data. Encryption helps to keep your data from unwanted eyes if all other security options fail. A good security strategy should have both technical and physical security. Even the best programs can sometimes fail or your laptop can be stolen. Data encryption can help to protect your data even in those worst case scenarios. If you think that what is on your computer is not important you should think of what one skilled hacker can do with your information. Your bank details are not the only things you should worry about when it comes to data security. If skilled hackers access the information on your computer, they can launch social engineering attacks on you or your friends.

Encryption is a method of transforming text into unreadable ciphertext. The earliest form of encryption called hieroglyphics happened in Egypt in 1900 BC. The Egyptians encryption was written on scrolls and carved into stones. During the Second World War, the Germans used a mechanical encryption device called the Enigma machine to relay sensitive information. Today, the computer uses a complex algorithm to encrypt and decrypt data. The effectiveness of computer encryption depends on the strength of the key, which can be a file or a password. The length and complexity of the key are the most critical factors you should consider when choosing a key.

Conclusion

With the help of encryption programs, you can encrypt almost everything from folders to files, partitions and virtual drives. To keep your data safe and secure you should choose what to encrypt depending on your needs. You can choose to encrypt an entire disk or partition to make it inaccessible without inputting a password. However, your data will not be protected while using the computer and thus, someone can access your data if you leave your computer unattended. The goal when choosing the best encryption method should be to find the most compatible with your individual needs and your operating system.